Glossary of Literacy Terms
There are many specific terms used to describe the practices and skills used in literacy education. Here are some of the most common ones parents may hear when discussing their child's literacy development.
decoding: using knowledge of sound-symbol relationship of the alphabet to pronounce written words
fluency: the ability to read with an appropriate rate, phrasing of words, and expression
accuracy rate: the percentage of words a student accurately reads in a text
WCPM: words read correctly per minute
frustration reading level: text that is read at less than 90% accuracy which is too difficult for the student to read on their own or with assistance
instructional reading level: text that is read with approximately 90% accuracy which is challenging, but mangeable for the student to decode and comprehend with assistance during instruction
independent reading level: text that is read with more than 90% accuracy which a student can decode and comprehend on their own
literal comprehension: understanding of basic facts that can be found directly within a text (examples: character's name, events in a story, location of the setting, etc.)
inferential comprehension: using facts from the text and background knowledge to understand what is between the lines (examples: figuring out how a character feels, predicting events in a story, making connections between the text and your life, etc.)
sight words: words that are automatically recognized which don't always follow standard letter-sound correspondences
reading vocabulary: words that students must know to comprehend a text
Check out this article for more information on how to help your child expand their vocabulary at home!
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