• Glossary of Literacy Terms

    There are many specific terms used to describe the practices and skills used in literacy education. Here are some of the most common ones parents may hear when discussing their child's literacy development. 

    decoding: using knowledge of sound-symbol relationship of the alphabet to pronounce written words

    fluency: the ability to read with an appropriate rate, phrasing of words, and expression

    accuracy rate: the percentage of words a student accurately reads in a text

    WCPM: words read correctly per minute

    frustration reading level: text that is read at less than 90% accuracy which is too difficult for the student to read on their own or with assistance

    instructional reading level: text that is read with approximately 90% accuracy which is challenging, but mangeable for the student to decode and comprehend with assistance during instruction

    independent reading level: text that is read with more than 90% accuracy which a student can decode and comprehend on their own

    literal comprehension: understanding of basic facts that can be found directly within a text (examples: character's name, events in a story, location of the setting, etc.)

    inferential comprehension: using facts from the text and background knowledge to understand what is between the lines (examples: figuring out how a character feels, predicting events in a story, making connections between the text and your life, etc.)

    sight words: words that are automatically recognized which don't always follow standard letter-sound correspondences

    reading vocabulary: words that students must know to comprehend a text

    Check out this article for more information on how to help your child expand their vocabulary at home!

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